Kids have grown up with access to cell phones, computers, iPads, and—all too often—violent video games. A survey of 1, adolescents found that 97 percent had played video games in the past day. This is cause for concern.
Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women Causes A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it.
Research on the causes of violence against women has consisted of two lines of inquiry: Research has sought causal factors at various levels of analysis, including individual, dyadic, institutional, and social.
Studies of offending and victimization remain conceptually distinct except in sociocultural analysis in which joint consideration is often given to two complementary processes: Many theorists and researchers have sought to answer the question, "Why does this particular man batter or sexually assault?
Among them have been biologic factors such as androgenic hormonal influences; evolutionary theo- Page 50 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Understanding Violence Against Women. The National Academies Press.
Recently, researchers armed with multivariate statistical analysis have tested complex models of violence with multiple factors to explain battering McKenry et al. Also new are integrative metatheories of intimate violence that consider the impact of historical, sociocultural, and social factors on people, including the processes whereby social influences are transmitted to and represented within individual psychological functioning, including cognition and motivation White, in press.
Many of the theories about the causes of perpetrating violence against women are drawn from the literature on aggression and general violence.
Both the research on general violence and that on violence against women suggest that violence arises from interactions among individual biological and psychosocial factors and social processes e.
Studies of male batterers have found that some batterers confine their violent behavior to their intimates but others are violent in general Fagan et al. The research suggests that, at least in some cases, there may be differences in the factors that cause violence against women and those Page 51 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Much more work is needed in order to understand in what ways violence against women differs from other violent behavior.
Such understanding will be particularly important for developing preventive interventions. Although current understanding suggests that violent behavior is not caused by any single factor, much of the research has focused on single causes.
Therefore, in the following sections several salient findings emerging from each single-factor domain are highlighted to illustrate how each contributes something to the causal nexus of perpetration of violence.
They are followed by a brief review of efforts to build multifactor models. Theories of Violent Offending Individual Determinants Evolution From an evolutionary perspective, the goal of sexual behavior is to maximize the likelihood of passing on one's genes. This goal involves maximizing the chances that one will have offspring who themselves will survive to reproduce.
In ancestral environments, optimum male and female strategies for successfully passing on one's genes often did not coincide because the amount of parental investment required by males is smaller than that required by females.
Males were best served by mating with as many fertile females as possible to increase their chance of impregnating one of them; females, who have the tasks of pregnancy and nurturing the young, are often better served by pair bonding.
Sex differences in current human mating strategies may be explained as having been shaped by the strategies that created reproductive success among human ancestors. A number of studies have shown that young adult males are more interested in partner variety, less interested in committed long-term relationships, and more willing to engage in impersonal sex than are young adult females Clark and Hatfield, ; Symons Page 52 Share Cite Suggested Citation: This finding is consistent with the optimum evolutionary strategy for males of mating with as many fertile females as possible.
It is theorized that males who have difficulty obtaining partners are more likely to resort to sexual coercion or rape. Extensive evidence of forced mating among animals has been documented Ellis, Evolutionary theory also has been used to explain aspects of intimate partner violence.
Case histories from battered women often mention the extreme sexual jealousy displayed by their batterers Walker, ; Browne,and extreme sexual jealousy is a common motive of men who kill their wives Daly and Wilson, Introduction.
This blog is an analysis of the movie The Breakfast Club. We will discuss this movie with emphasis on the psychological perspective and attempt to uncover each character’s internal psychological problems.
The Influence of the Media on Antisocial Behavior There are many studies and examples to indicate that the amount of violence children witness on television or see through other forms of media are reflected in their own levels of aggression and violence.
Aggression has been studied in experimental and naturalistic settings, however its definition has caused a lot of controversy in terms of precision among researchers.
Some behaviours such as physically pushing, shoving and striking may be qualified as aggressive, while in other situations it may also include ostracizing individuals – which has proven to produce aggressive.
Hormones and Aggressive Behaviour in the Evolutionary Context. How hormones can trigger and influence aggression in animals and humans has interested many researchers in the last six decades (Brooks-Gunn, Graber, & Paikoff, ).
Scientists realised soon that aggressive behaviours has to be always set in a larger context.
People usually relate the behavior of others to their internal dispositions or to their external situations. A dispositional attribution pertains to the personality of a certain person, whereas a situational attribution pertains to the environmental conditions around an event.
Reflection of Aggression People usually relate the behavior of others to their internal dispositions or to their external situations.
A dispositional attribution pertains to the personality of a certain person, whereas a situational attribution pertains to the environmental conditions around an event.